During more than 15 years of implementing the Politburo’s Resolution 45 on building and developing Can Tho city in the period of national industrialization and modernization, the city’s economy has made great progress, but not yet. is really the driving force center of the Mekong Delta. After reviewing Resolution 45-NQ / TW, assessing the results and limitations in the implementation process, on August 5th 2020, The Politburo issued Resolution 59-NQ / TW on the construction and development of Can Tho city to 2030, with a vision to 2045 (Resolution 59), further affirming the position of the regional center of Can Tho. This is an opportunity for the city to “breakthrough” in a new phase.
Objectives of the Politburo’s Resolution 59 ‘till 2030: Can Tho is a regional center for commercial services, tourism, logistics, processing industry, hi-tech agriculture, education and training. health care, science and technology, culture and sports; is the nuclear city of the Mekong Delta… With a clear vision and continuing with Resolution 45, Resolution 59 has set out specific goals for economic growth in each 5-year period to 2030. Specifically, in the period of 2021-2025, GRDP growth rate reaches 7.5-8% / year; service accounts for 54.17-54.73%, industry and construction 33.71-33.99%, agriculture 5.61-5.9% in economic structure. In a period of 2026-2030, an increase of 7-7.5% / year; services accounted for 56.49-56.71%, industry and construction 34.02-34.28%, agriculture only remained 3.42-4% in the economic structure of the city. The strong shift in the direction of service – industry and construction, and agriculture is consistent with the existing strengths of the city.
In 2019, the size of the economy of Can Tho city increases 7 times compared to 2005; the city has balanced the budget and has a central regulation. Economic growth of the city during the past 15 years was at an average of 7.27% / year. According to the central agencies, in the process of developing and implementing Resolution 45 revealed a number of limitations, the city has not had projects that create attraction and spread for the whole Mekong Delta. Therefore, the city needs a new decision to play the central role of regional economic driving force, inter-regional connectivity, international inter-connection and Resolution 59 is a new vision for Can Tho.
Doctor of economics Tran Huu Hiep said that: “To realize the” vision “of Resolution 59 must be equal to scales with specific or not specific objectives and targets, depending on solid scientific evidence, rich practices, operational efficiency of the political system and results of mobilization of businesses, investors, people to participate. The end result is still the solution to the economic problem, allocating the right “input” resources, the ability to meet and the “output” results on the basis of quantitative criteria and social efficiency. “The quality of life of the people” Can Tho city “. According to Dr. Tran Huu Hiep, a regional center cannot “slowly but progress” in the way of “evenly” allocation of resources, but must have a breakthrough mechanism. While budget resources are limited, driven by the needs of 63 provinces and cities nationwide, the mechanism of mobilizing social investment resources for Can Tho City is extremely important to create a breakthrough.
Need synchronous movement
Dr. Huynh Van Tung, Director of the Institute of Socio-Economy of Can Tho City, said: One of the core views of Resolution No. 59 is that Can Tho continues the role of a central city in the Mekong Delta, building and to continue developing on the basis of exploiting and maximizing the potentials and advantages of the city and the region; well deal with the relationship between economic development and response to climate change, as well as efficient use of natural resources and environmental protection. With a vision to 2045, Can Tho will become an ecological, civilized and modern city bearing the identity of rivers and water in the Mekong Delta and belong to the group of well-developed cities in Asia. Accordingly, the Central should have mechanisms and policies for investment, finance and decentralization specific to the city; Synchronous development of socio-economic infrastructure, especially transport infrastructure, will be leveraged factors to help Can Tho City achieve the vision of Resolution 59.
According to Dr. Tran Huu Hiep, the long-term policy orientation for Can Tho has no other way, which is to transform the economic growth model, based on efficiency and competitiveness to create higher economic growth, to sustainably promote the advantages of the regional center and strengthen intra-regional and inter-regional links, proactively integrate into the world. Can Tho’s short-term efforts should focus on the identified breakthroughs: institutions, infrastructure development, and high-quality human resources in the region. In addition, it is necessary to have mechanisms and policies to create an investment environment and diversify investment capital sources; enhancing the city’s competitiveness through indicators: provincial competitiveness (PCI), efficiency of provincial public administration and administration (PAPI), especially the competitiveness of businesses and other business subjects.
“Two groups of solutions with top priority policies need to be considered by the city. Firstly, investment creates new resources for development, in which the focus is on high-quality human resources and new resources from institutional reform (leveraging from the institutional reforms from the central government and the city efforts. city). Second, focus on developing a number of identified key industries, synchronously develop supporting industries, and strengthen links with provinces in the Mekong Delta “- said Dr. Hiep.
According to Dr. Huynh Van Tung, in order to promote the role of a central driving force to develop and exploit well the internal force, Can Tho city needs to focus on completing the establishment of Can Tho city planning period 2021-2030, vision to year. 2050. Develop and submit to the Government proposals on a legal regional linkage mechanism in line with voluntary mechanisms. The city needs to focus all resources on economic restructuring, in which information technology (AI, 5G, blockchain, Internet of things, cloud computing …) is a key factor in restructuring the industry. service and competitiveness enhancement. At the same time is the basis for the establishment of electronic trading floors for agricultural products, technology in high-tech agricultural development, agricultural support services, and tourism services as the tourism hub of the Mekong Delta.